Germany is the land of Richard Wagner and Albert Einstein. The iconic Berlin Wall and Jewish Museum. The music of Kraftwerk and Beethoven. The philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche and Sauerkraut. The Brothers Grimm and fairytale castle of Neuschwanstein. Trams, Autobahns and the Beer Festival.
These are some of the things you will remember or see when you are in Germany. Your own list of course will be interesting and we would love to read it.
But on a practical note, we have listed some information below, to help you relax and enjoy your tour.
Attractions – Germany
Germany has so much to offer, including the Rügen Cliffs. They are located in the Jasmund National Park, in the northeast of Rügen island. Between Koblenz and Bingen, is considered its most romantic part of the river Rhine. The Frauenkirche located in Dresden, is a Lutheran church that was completely destroyed during World War II. The town of Lindau is full of medieval half timbered buildings and is located on the Austrian German border.
The great Oktoberfest in Munich is the most famous German festival. Among the many treats to try are Hendl, Schweinebraten or Knödel. So enjoy singing and a lot of German beer. In the city Cologne, is the stunning Gothic Cathedral, now a unesco world heritage site. The city of Heidelberg has a baroque charm, narrow streets, with picturesque houses and Heidelberg Castle.
Berlin the capital city, is so iconic and the remnants of the Berlin Wall are a stark reminder of the recent past. The Jewish cemetery possesses an austere beauty and was built in memory of the holocaust. The iconic Brandenburg Gate which symbolises the reunification of East and West Berlin. The fairytale castle of Neuschwanstein castle is situated on a rugged hill and near the town of Füssen in south west Bavaria.
Regions – Germany
In Germany the regions include Berlin, Brandenburg, Saxony, Saxony. There is Northern Bavaria, Anhalt, Harz Thuringia and Franconia. Munich. Central Bavaria and The Alps. Eastern Bavaria, Baden Württemberg. The Black Forest, Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland. Hesse, North Rhine Westphalia, Lower Saxony and Bremen. Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein and Mecklenburg.
Coming from the States you do not need a visa to enter Germany. As a visitor you can stay up to six months without any restrictions.
Currency – Germany
The currency is The Euro and this is generally the only currency accepted, except in rare circumstances. In most places you can also pay with Visa or MasterCard. American Express is less accepted so check in advance. 1 USD is equivalent to approximately .90 Cent and there are 100 pence in one Euro.
Weather – Germany
Germany has a reputation for snow in winter great for skiing and warm in Summer. In Germany temperatures are very moderate. Winters are cold with lots of snow, usually around -10 – 0 degrees in Winter. In some summer months, the country experiences warm temperatures, particularly around Munich. Temperatures can reach up to 25 to 30 degrees, but like most central European countries there are thunders storms as well. The wettest months are in Autumn and Winter.
Language – Germany
In Germany the main language is German and you have French, Turkish and Swiss.
There is a multicultural society in Germany, that restaurants, especially in the large cities reflect this. German, French, Italian, Asian and Middle Eastern cuisine can be found everywhere.
However, the Germans’ still love their traditional German recipes. Meats, Fränkische Bratwurst and Pretzels feature high on the menus in pubs and restaurants. German breakfast is also a staple part of the diet and is served by most hotels as the standard breakfast. This consists of Bread Rolls, Coffee, Sausage and Cheese, Fruit, Yogurt Porridge (see Dictionary below).
Once you have reached of 16 the legal age for drinking alcohol, you can wander into one of the many pubs. Typically you will find that each pub sells Wheat Beer, Whiskey, Wine and Schnapps. A friendly barman will be happy to inform you of the differences between them all. You are usually never more than five minutes away from a pub in Germany. These pubs serve a mixture of traditional and international food dishes. Most pubs close at 11 or 11.30pm.
For non-alcoholic drinks, tea is still the favoured hot cup of the day. American influences such as Starbucks are now to be found in most large cities and towns.
Electricity and Phone- Germany
In Germany there are one of the two European standard electrical socket types. The “Type F” German style Schuko and the “Type C” Europlug. Almost all sockets are Schuko, and while the Europlug socket may be found. With regards to your cell phone, it may be cheaper to buy a local number and use this for the duration of your stay. Your hotel or guesthouse receptionist can advise you on this. If you are only staying for a short period and planning on using mostly Wi-Fi, then your current sim card will suit best.
Dictionary – Germany
We have listed a few common differences between German and U.S English language.
Toilette = restroom. Aufzug = elevator. Mülleimer = trashcan. Trägerkleid = sweater.
Mobiletefon = cellphone. Benzin = gas. Kofferraum = trunk. Kleriderschrank = closet. Hose = pants.
Bratwurst and Rostbratwurst = are a type of blood sausage.
German Breakfast = is Bread Rolls, Coffee, Sausage, Cheese, Fruit, Yogurt and Porridge.
Sauerkraut = a process of pickling called lactic acid fermentation. That is how traditional pickled cucumbers and kimchi are made.
Donauwelle = is a traditional sheet cake popular in Germany and Austria. It is prepared with sour cherries, buttercream, cocoa and chocolate and layered batter like a marble cake.
Chips = frittes
Courgette = zucchini