England is the land of Shakespeare, The Royal Family, and the music of The Beatles. The Rolling Stones, the magic of Harry Potter and The home of Football. Of Royal Gardens, Jumpers and Trousers. HP Sauce, Afternoon tea and Pies. These are some of the things you will remember or observe when you are in England. Of course your own list will be interesting and we would love to read it.
But on a practical note, we have listed some information below to help you relax and enjoy your tour.
There is Hadrian’s Wall, which was built by the Romans to protect their colony Britannia, from the tribes in Scotland. There is a national path that follows the whole length of the wall, from Wallsend to Bowness on Solway.Warwick Castle originally a wooden structure built by William the Conqueror in 1068, was rebuilt in stone in the 12th century.
Located in Cumbria the north west of England, the Lake District National Park is carved from glacial erosion and has created some dramatic and inspiring scenery. The famous Tower of London is home to the British Crown Jewels, also served as a prison from 1100 to the mid twentieth century. The castle was founded in the winter of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England and served as a royal residence, before it became a prison. The Cotswolds is known for stone built villages, historical towns, stately homes and gardens.
Durham Cathedral a landmark in the city of Durham and located in northeast England, is the greatest Norman building in England and perhaps even in Europe. It is cherished not only for its architecture, but also for its incomparable setting. The mythical Stonehenge was erected around 2500 BC, with its epic large stones, many scholars believe the monument was used as a ceremonial or religious centre. Big Ben the famous clock tower, has a 13 ton bell housed within the tower and takes its name from the man who first ordered the bell, Sir Benjamin Hall. It is the third largest free standing clock tower in the world.
We visit Windsor Castle, often called the largest and oldest inhabited castle in the world. It is one of the official residences of Queen Elizabeth II who spends many weekends of the year at the castle, using it for both state and private entertaining. Bath is known for its natural hot springs and its 18th century Georgian architecture. The museum at the site of its original Roman Baths includes The Great Bath, statues, a temple and you can soak in the waters at the contemporary Thermal Bath Spa.
The regions in England are South East, London, North West, East of England, West Midlands, South West, Yorkshire, also the Humber, East Midlands and the North East.
Coming from the States you do not need a visa to enter England. As a visitor you can stay up to six months without any restrictions.
The currency is Pounds Sterling (GBP) and this is generally the only currency accepted, except in rare circumstances. In most places you can also pay with Visa or MasterCard. American Express is less accepted so check in advance. 1 USD is equivalent to approximately .70 pence sterling and there are 100 pence in one sterling pound.
England has a reputation for being wet and dull but this is not entirely true. In England temperatures are very moderate. Winters are mild with snow, usually around -5 to 5 degrees in Winter. Some summer months the country experiences some warm spells. Temperatures particularly around London, can reach up to 28- 30 degrees. The wettest months are in Autumn and Winter.
In England they pride themselves on speaking the “Queen’s English”, but the most striking feature of the language here is the dramatic difference in accent and dialect between the various regions. For example, the accent spoken in London will bear little or no resemblance to the accent spoken in Liverpool, even though the two cities are a mere three hours drive apart. In fact the difference in accents and dialects within London itself is mind boggling.
You will also notice the terms of endearment used by English people, even when speaking to total strangers. Do not be surprised to be called dear, darling, pet, flower, sweetheart” or duck.
There is a multicultural society in England and the restaurants, especially in the large cities, most certainly reflect this. French, Italian, Asian and Middle Eastern cuisine can be found everywhere.
However, the English still love their traditional English recipes. Roast dinners, fish and chips and various meat pies feature high on the menus in pubs and restaurants. English breakfast is also a staple part of the diet and is served in most hotels as the standard breakfast. This consists of bacon, sausages, fried eggs, tomatoes and the ever curious white & black puddings (see Dictionary below).
Once you have reached the legal age for drinking alcohol, that is 18 years, you can wander into one of the many pubs and experiment with one of the beers. Typically you will find that each pub sells Lager, Bitter, Ale, Cider and the Stout and a friendly barman will be happy to inform you of the differences between them all. You are usually never more than five minutes away from a pub in England and often these pubs serve a mixture of traditional and international food dishes. Most pubs close at 11 or 11.30pm.
With regards to non alcoholic drinks, tea is still the favoured hot cup of the day, although American influences such as Starbucks are now to be found in most large cities and towns. In Cornwall, the south west of England, you can try a “Cream Tea” which is a traditionally baked scone (biscuit) served with jam and cream and accompanied by a small pot of tea.
Electricity and Phone-England
Bring a power converter. The British electrical system uses a huge three prong flat head plug and a currency of 230 and 240 volts.
With regards to your cell phone, it may be cheaper to buy a local number and use this for the duration of your stay. Your hotel or guesthouse receptionist can advise you on this. If you are only staying for a short period and planning on using mostly wifi, then your current sim will suit best-
We have listed a few common differences in language between England English and the U.S English
Loo = restroom, Lift = elevator, Dustbin = trashcan, Jumper = sweater, Mobile = cellphone, Petrol = gas,
Boot = trunk, Wardrobe = closet, Trousers = pants.
Black or White pudding = a type of blood sausage
English Fry = traditional English fried breakfast with bacon, sausage, egg, pudding
Yorkshire Pudding = traditional batter pudding served with a roast dinner
Pies = beef or liver and vegetables in a pastry case
Bun = cupcake Chips = fries Courgette = zucchini