Caernarfon is located between the gleaming Menai Strait and the deep purple mountains of Snowdonia. It’s main claim to fame is a fantastical castle. The town’s crucial historical importance, the proximity to Snowdonia National Park, it has reputation as the centre of Welsh culture. It has the highest percentage of Welsh speakers of anywhere and parts of the town centre are surprisingly down at heel. Within the cobbled lanes of the old walled town, are some fine Georgian buildings, while the waterfront has started to become more modernised.
Caernarfon Castle was built by Edward I, as the last link in his iron ring fortress. It is now part of the Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd, a Unesco World Heritage Site. In an attempt by the then prime minister, David Lloyd George designated as the venue for the 1911 investiture of the Prince of Wales. It incensed fervent nationalists and at the next crowning, that of Prince Charles in 1969, the sentiment climaxed with an attempt to blow up his train.